Archive for the 'Uncategorized' category

The Importance Of Reading Medical News Journals

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Hardly does a month or a week go by before a friend or a member of our families fall ill. It may be a simple infection or even a terminal disease. At such critical times we seek information of the diseases and illnesses from the websites and books that we can access. Sometimes we even ask our friends. However, some of the material we read may either be outdated or simply irrelevant. The best alternative would be to follow-up on different medical conditions in the medical news sections in newspapers as well as the websites that constantly provide professional medical news.

There are certain medical news items that have specifically targeted certain diseases and medical conditions. The articles are fully dedicated on diseases such as cancer or even conditions such as diabetes. The main reason would be to provide a consistent flow of information for the targeted people. The advantages of such sections include the full coverage of the up-to-date medical trends that address the disease or condition. The article writers extensively cover areas such as research and management of these diseases. They provide the medical news with the specific readers in mind.

There are yet other medical news columns and websites that address medical insurance issues. The articles provide a rich source of information for people who are either looking for new medical insurance covers or those who already have the medical cover. By reading through the professional advice, they would be in a better position to make the best choices concerning medical insurance covers. These medical news areas avail information of the recommended medical insurance policy providers. When such kind of information is presented in a clear and straightforward manner, the readers would be aware of the opportunities and benefits that come with medical insurance covers.

Readers could spare a few minutes to read on the areas covered by the health news articles. The reason for this is that they would expose themselves to knowledge that would probably save a life. The knowledge obtained from such reading can be helpful in updating them on the ongoing research activities in the medical field. For instance, there is constant research into cancer drugs. Information on the progress made by the medical researchers working on the drug can be best located in the columns that cover the medical news. Alternatively, they can visit approved medical websites that provide all the updates on the research being done on a particular disease or medical conditions.

The medical news can be a source of tips or techniques that could be applicable in any situation that needs medical conditions. The doctors and other medical professionals have dedicated themselves to providing the individuals who are not in the medical field with information on diseases that may not necessarily warrant a visit to the hospital. For example, home remedies could be recommended where applicable. Doctors can give directions of handling such situations from a professional medical official’s perspective.

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What Are the Most Important Elements of Wellness?

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Introduction

The most important elements of wellness are reason, exuberance, athleticism and liberty. The acronym for these four dimensions is REAL. REAL wellness avoids the confusion that often occurs when wellness is sent out into the world without a bit of specificity for protection. The term wellness has been bandied about so recklessly over the past four decades that a modifier that signals a clear emphasis is essential to clear communications about the concept. These four areas are the most important elements of wellness, in my opinion. For this reason, I believe a new medical specialty is needed. Medical doctors who care about healthy lifestyles should be trained to deal in four REAL wellness specialty areas.

What follows is an outline for a new medical specialty area for fitness and nutrition, both of which are part of the element of athleticism.

Medical Specialties

In 2012, the AMA Physician Masterfile of specialty practices stood at 200 categories, with another 140 officially recognized subspecialties. (Source: Association of American Medical Colleges 2012 Physician Speciality Data Book.)

The range of disciplines is impressive and demonstrates the devotion our medical system has for diseases and dysfunctions. The range of specialties extends from A (allergy and immunology) to V (vascular surgery). Unfortunately, there is no specialty for dealing with what might be the most common disorder, a condition that afflicts hundreds of millions of sufferers in Western nations. I refer, of course, to Sedentarius Dysfunctionitis.

Sedentarius Dysfunctionitis or SD is a dreadful condition that presents itself in a wide range of disorders, all brought on by mental deficiencies, genetic abnormalities, adverse environmental factors and, rarely, absence of suitable information/education. All such factors contribute to the common inability of citizens throughout the developed world to sufficiently manipulate and engage their organs, muscle groups and ancillary body systems in movements at sufficient frequency, duration and intensity levels. This failure leads to a range of health-diminishing conditions and diseases, including obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and much else. Hapless millions face the reality of cantdoit and become vessels for medical billing codes in a sickness system still badly in need of repair.

Therefore, it is inexcusable, outrageous, scandalous and shocking that no medical specialty exists to provide treatment, not for the symptoms of SD (at least half of all specialists treat the myriad SD-caused illnesses and diseases) but for the condition of SD itself. As long as people suffer from SD, specialists in at least 100 specialty categories will have ample opportunities to stay busy and prosper treating those who suffer from symptoms of SD disorder, while the disorder itself will go undetected or at least untreated.

The Role of the Physician Fitness Specialist

The doctor who specializes in treating SD will have to know, in addition to mastering the standard medical school curriculum and other requirements for licensing in that profession, advanced training in exercise physiology, the psychology of motivation, the nature of REAL wellness and a range of similar skills that permit assessment and counseling, experimentation, research and more. He will have to understand related fields, such as nutrition and positive psychology.

However, one area that will occupy her or his time with patients to a considerable extent will be diagnosing and helping the patients reform lifestyle-generated metabolic, musculo-skeletal and psychological dysfunctions. These, after all, are the foundation elements in the onset and persistence of SD. Rather than prescribing drugs or engaging in invasive interventions, the Fitness specialist M.D. will prescribe and monitor, often assisted by a team of professionals within the exercise arena, exercise and fitness regimens. These patient-centered plans will be keyed to aerobic fitness, strength and flexibility. A standard goal will be the restoration and maintenance of sound metabolic, musculo-skeletal and psychological stability and strength.

An example of the detailed focus of the Fitness Specialist might be assisting SD sufferers regain needed levels of strength and flexibility. The doctor will want the pelvis and bones above it to align, else joint and muscle pain will persist. Weak musculature does not enable a person to manage typical everyday tasks without breakdowns because muscles take bones out of alignment. The Fitness Specialist doctor will know that pain sites are rarely the causal areas of pains experienced. He will know where to look for the problem and proscribe routines and lifestyles that get at sources, not symptoms.

Summing Up

As Australian physical educator John Miller, has long maintained, it is a big ask to expect anyone to stay healthy without keeping him or herself fit. It’s an even bigger ask expecting to get better by having someone do something to you; sooner or later you have to do something to yourself.

Health without exercise and fitness cannot be maintained – at least not for long. Medical spending would be a fraction of what it is today (nearly 18% of GDP in the U.S. – it was 6% in 1965) if we had half as many doctors treating SD as we have treating allergies, performing vascular surgeries and practicing the other specialties in-between. Too many physicians devote their talents to relatively rare as well as end stage disorders. It is long past the time for getting our national health system doctor specialty house in order. It’s time to create specialists in the all too common maladies of SD caused by dysfunctions brought about my underuse of major body systems, particularly the cardio-vascular, digestive and musculo-skeletal systems.

Have a look at the Miller model continuum shown below, one of countless variations on the classic model created in the early 70’s by John Travis, M.D. and first promotion at the world first Wellness Center, located in the heart of downtown Mill Valley, CA. Every malady and malaise known to man and woman exists on this continuum from the Tipping Point in the center all the way to the far left of the continuum – the dreadful nadir or slough of despond point of physical worseness. This is the field of play for all 200 medical specialties. Now look to the right of the Tipping Point on the graph. This would be the province of the medical doctor fitness specialist.

Be well, exercise daily, get fit and stay that way. No point waiting for medical leaders to create a new specialty of doctors to look after you when you get SD.

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Do Not Mistake Hemorrhoids With Other Ailments

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Most symptoms of hemorrhoids are identical to those of many other diseases. Pain, bleeding, and anal discomfort may or may not be caused by hemorrhoids. It is not difficult to confuse symptoms for such diseases like bowel diseases, colorectal cancers, and sexually transmitted diseases with those of hemorrhoids.

You should always consult your doctor about any sign or symptom which you think you have. Early diagnosis is extremely important. Your doctor can arrange tests and examinations, and even a complete analysis and a medical examination if they believe they may be required, to confirm your ailment. That avoids worry and unnecessary expense or surgery for you.

You are then better prepared to deal with whatever is affecting you. Proper diagnosis and understanding of the ailment is essential for correct medical care and treatment.

Various intestinal ailments cause uncontrollable anal leakage. Similarly, changes in feces characteristics like tar-like stool, pencil-like and narrow stools, and blood on the stool are common to various ailments like colitis or intestinal diseases. Changes in bowel movements are a common feature of numerous ailments.

Some of the medical conditions which have symptoms that sometimes may overlap with those of hemorrhoids include inflammatory bowel diseases, including:

  • Anorectal conditions
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Polyps and cancers
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Common inflammatory bowel diseases include Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Both these diseases cause inflammation of the digestive tissue. Crohn’s disease causes inflammation of the small intestine and colon. It causes blockage of the intestines and digestive tract. This is expected to result in infection and fissures, abscesses, and skin tags. These cause similar symptoms as hemorrhoids, like blood in the stool, pain, itching in the anal region, and other similar symptoms. They can be readily mistaken for hemorrhoidal symptoms.

Ulcerative colitis causes serious inflammation of the surface of the colon. This causes bleeding and leads to blood in the stool. Diarrhea is a frequent symptom of ulcerative colitis. This again could cause symptoms similar to hemorrhoids.

Anorectal Conditions

Abscesses, fissures, and fistulas are common anorectal conditions with symptoms similar to hemorrhoids. An abscess is a set of pus due to bacteria. Trapped fecal materials within the glands of the sphincter muscle of the anal canal can cause swelling and a painful bulge develops. This is just an anorectal abscess. It is essential to locate such abscesses and drain them. A skin tear of the anal canal is a fissure. A deep fissure can even expose the sphincter muscle. Regular contraction of the anal muscles worsens fissures. Fissures develop due to forcible expulsion of hard stools or due to anal surgery.

Frequent symptoms of fissures include blood in the stool, a burning sensation before and after bowel movements, pain, and swollen tissue. Skin tags are the same as hemorrhoidal skin tags. Again, simple self-care treatments like warm baths and analgesic creams can bring temporary relief for hemorrhoids. Although fissures are normally self-healing, surgery could become indispensable in specific cases.

Untreated and undrained abscesses develop into fistulas. The infection in the abscess spreads through the internal tissue into a troublesome external opening. Pus comes out of these fistula openings. This condition requires immediate surgery. The symptoms are very similar to hemorrhoids.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Most sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia, Anal Warts, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, and Herpes, have hemorrhoid-like symptoms. Chlamydia causes bleeding, rectal infection, pain, and anal discharge. Anal warts cause bleeding, itching, fleshy growth in the anal canal or near the anus, pain, and discharge.

A syphilis infection starts with an ulcer. If the infection is located in the anal canal, pain can cause symptoms similar to hemorrhoids. Gonorrhea causes extensive pain and discharge. Herpes causes severe pain and itching in the genitals, bleeding, blisters, and the development of anal sores.

Polyps and Cancer

Polyps are harmless growths in the intestinal linings and rectum. However, these develop into colorectal cancers. Polyps are discovered through colonoscopies and manual medical examinations. Normally polyps depict multiple growths. Some polyps can cause mucus discharge, rectal bleeding, pain, and changes in bowel habits. Removal of polyps is essential, as it is not possible to analyze which of these could develop to be cancerous.

Colorectal cancer is a very common cancer and is the second-most important type of cancer leading to death. Most colorectal cancers develop from polyps.

Common symptoms of colorectal cancer include rectal bleeding, blood in the stool, pain in the rectum, regular changes in bowel habits, false defecating urges, weakness, weight loss, anal opening protrusions, an ulcer near the anus, and regular bouts of diarrhea and constipation. These are very similar to hemorrhoid symptoms. It is possible to rectify colorectal cancer symptoms by eating a fiber-rich diet. This is again similar to rectification of hemorrhoidal symptoms. Therefore differentiating between colorectal cancer and hemorrhoidal symptoms can be difficult as most symptoms can be similar.

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How Vitamin D Affects Thyroid Conditions

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Vitamin D is well-known for its importance in managing calcium in the gut, bones, and blood and disease resistance. However, many studies now show vitamin D levels affect may be a contributing factor in many other health issues too.

Researchers now believe it plays a crucial role in how cells communicate. Clinical studies link abnormal vitamin D levels to colon, prostate, and breast cancer as well as heart disease, weight gain, and thyroid conditions.

Vitamin D Production

Vitamin D is unique compared to other vitamins, because it is nearly impossible to get what you need from food. Instead, your body produces it naturally in the skin when you’re exposed to natural or artificial UVB light.

Once your body produces vitamin D or you take it as a supplement, it’s sent to the liver. The liver transforms vitamin D into 25(OH)D and sends it various areas of the body and activates it. Once activated, it is ready to perform its duties.

Autoimmune Conditions

Autoimmunity occurs when the immune system treats a person’s healthy tissues and cells as a threat. When this happens, their body produces an immune response and attacks. This response can cause damage, inflammation, and chronic pain in many parts of the body.

Vitamin D deficiencies may reduce the body’s ability to fight infection and may link to or cause autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and Grave’s Disease.

Clinical Studies

Several 2014 studies presented at the annual meeting of the Thyroid Association are of special interest. Researchers from Nanjing, China evaluated 34 patients with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and 32 with Grave’s Disease against 52 healthy patients. Researchers measured many thyroid-related factors including vitamin D3.

Vitamin D is actually a group of compounds classified vitamin D1, D2, and D3. Vitamin D3 is the naturally occurring form of the vitamin, and the most biologically active.

Researchers found patients with autoimmune thyroid disease had significantly lower vitamin D3 levels than the healthy controls. Patients with high thyroid peroxidase antibodies the body produces in thyroid autoimmune disease also had lower vitamin D levels. This suggests vitamin D insufficiency could link to or cause autoimmune thyroid disease.

Brazilian researchers studied 54 Hashimoto’s patients, compared to 54 healthy controls. They also found vitamin D deficiency in 63.2% of the patients. Those with low vitamin D levels also had higher thyroid-stimulating hormone levels and a larger thyroid.

Lack of Vitamin D

Normally, the skin produces sufficient vitamin D when exposed to adequate UV light. However, the risks of skin cancer or melanoma now mean many people use sunscreen and cover their bodies. We also spend more time indoors for work and entertainment.

Since more clinical tests show a link between vitamin D and thyroid function, many physicians now recommend vitamin D testing as part of thyroid evaluation and care. Nonetheless, functional practitioners and doctors following the medical model may treat you differently based on your results.

Medical Model vs Functional Model

The medical model recommends 400 International Units per day of vitamin D. They also define a sufficient serum 25(OH)D level as over 50 nmol/L as it “covers the needs of 97.5% of the population”. The test used to measure vitamin D levels in the 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test.

The medical model usually recommends supplementation to increase low vitamin D levels. However, the functional approach to care recognizes multiple reasons may cause low vitamin D levels. Consequently, recommending supplements before looking at overall health and other possible issues can be ineffective and counterproductive.

Supplements don’t always correct low vitamin D levels, because they do not address underlying problems. The vitamin D receptor in some autoimmune patients cannot activate due to variations in their DNA sequence. Consequently, they need higher than normal blood levels of vitamin D to avoid vitamin D insufficiency.

Vitamin D is fat soluble, and some patients with thyroid issues like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis have low stomach acid and poor fat absorption. Autoimmune conditions such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Grave’s disease also make the immune system work overtime, which depletes the body’s stores of vitamin D. Therefore, addressing gut and digestive issues and modulating the immune system are of primary importance before considering vitamin D supplementation.

A highly qualified functional practitioner will look at your gut and digestive health and if they’re satisfied, they may order a 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test for your vitamin D levels.

Your practitioner may recommend supplementation to reach between 60 and 80 nmol/L. This is still well below the 125 nmol/L threshold where a patient might experience adverse effects. After several months, they’ll retest. If their serum level rose to an acceptable level, the doctor will adjust vitamin D intake so serum levels stay between 50 and 60 nmol/L.

*****

Vitamin D insufficiency is just one factor that can contribute to thyroid problems, so self-supplementation is not recommended as it can be ineffective if underlying problems remain. Discuss your thyroid issues with a functional practitioner to develop an effective treatment protocol.

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Giving a Facial Massage – Be Careful or You Could Spread a Contagious Disease!

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

When you are about to start to give someone a Luxury Facial Massage, it is important to keep watch out for possible skin conditions that would make the whole experience less enjoyable, both for you and your recipient.

Always be on the lookout for large blemishes, sores, rash or discolouration of skin-tone of these areas. Touching or rubbing the affected areas could [and probably would] cause discomfort to your recipient or you could spread the disease to other areas or to yourself if not careful!

Herpes Simplex type 1 or cold sores around the lips is caused by a virus that is transmitted in the air. There is not very much anyone can do to prevent the spread of this disease. Once caught the virus never disappears from the body but rather goes “dormant”. Fortunately it is fairly harmless and will only cause some discomfort.

Tinea aka Ringworm is a fungal infection that is very contagious. In fact one doesn’t necessarily need to come in direct contact with another host to become infected. Just being in close proximity would be enough because the disease is transmitted via minute spores. It is very rare for this fungus to develop on the face but technically still possible. Once infected, you should see a doctor immediately to prevent its spread, it will not go away on its own.

Herpes Zoster virus aka Shingles or Chickenpox is another very contagious virus that can make its host very ill. The small, numerous sores that this disease commonly causes is actually a sign of the later phase of the disease when the patient is starting to recover, however the disease is very contagious during this phase. In fairness, it is unlikely that you would come in close contact with someone who has Chickenpox because they would most probably be bed-ridden. Shingles is a recurrence of Chickenpox but in a milder form. A masseuse should still be very careful because if he/she has never had Chickenpox, then they could get infected with it from someone who has Shingles!

Herpes Zoster could also cause viral conjunctivitis by touching or scratching the sores and then rubbing the area around the eyes.

Impetigo is yet another highly contagious skin condition that occurs after an upper respiratory infection. This will cause oozing sores that eventually become crusty.

Scabies is caused by very small mites called Sarcoptes Scabiei which leave blistery bumps after biting their host. These mites will transfer themselves to you and/or another recipient if you come in direct contact with them.

The best advice is to simply avoid infected areas because [at the very least] as a masseuse you could cause your recipient discomfort or help spread very undesirable skin conditions or diseases, which is exactly the opposite of what the Facial Massage is intended to achieve.

Use impeccable hygiene practices e.g. always wash your hands and arms thoroughly before and after you give a massage and avoid contact with any suspicious areas of your recipient.

Definitely mention anything suspicious immediately to your recipient. After all they are your family or friends so surely you would want to help them get treatment and prevent further transmission?

Following these simple habits should ensure that you will always provide a truly memorable Luxury Facial Massage.

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Heart Disease and Its Importance Today!

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Heart diseases, also referred to as Cardiac diseases are used to denote a range of cardiovascular conditions. These diseases are one of the most widely prevalent health disorders that have affected the lives of millions of people across the globe. It is one of the leading causes of death in most of the developed countries around the world.

These diseases either affect the heart or the blood vessel system, particularly the arteries and veins that lead to and from the heart. Some of the cardiac congenital conditions, plaque-blocked arteries, diseases of the cardiac muscle and arrhythmia. While some people inherit the diseases from their parents, others develop it over a period of time. The most common form of heart disease in adults is known as coronary artery disease and the condition that commonly affects children is known as congenital heart disease.

Some of the common factors behind heart diseases include:

* Diabetes

* High blood pressure

* Stress

* Smoking

* Family History

The symptoms of having contracted a heart disease can be subtle as well as dramatic. Breathlessness while exercising is sure sign that your fitness levels are not up to the mark and this maybe affecting your heart negatively. Undue palpitations are also one of the common signs of heart diseases. A tingling sensation on your fingers, toes or lips is again a sign that your circulating system is not functioning properly. Finally the most obvious sign of a cardiac problem is a feeling of tightness in the chest. If there is chest pain regularly it is advised that you consult a doctor at the earliest.

Modern medicine has found a number of effective measures to treat heart diseases including lifestyle improvements, taking drugs and undergoing surgery. Prevention is always better than cure and there are a number of ways you can keep the disease at bay.

A healthy lifestyle goes a long way to reduce the risk of contracting cardiac problems. It is important that you consume organic diet comprising vegetables and fruits. This together with exercises would help you to stay fit and healthy. Your cholesterol levels and blood pressure too would be under check. Though many people are genetically inclined towards heart diseases, with certain adjustments in lifestyle habits it can be avoided to a large extent.

Two of the most dangerous contributors to heart diseases are obesity and smoking. Both of these are known to increase blood pressure to high levels thereby exerting enormous strain on the heart. Smoking leads to the building up of fatty deposits in the arteries leading to circulation problems that affects the heart. Having excess weight also implies that you are not following a healthy diet and are missing out on important vitamins and mineral that are essential for the proper functioning of the heart. Quitting smoking as well as other unhealthy practices such as drinking is very helpful towards lowering the risk of contracting heart diseases.

To conclude, a healthy lifestyle with an eye on the symptoms will ensure that your life is not devastated by heart diseases.

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Everything You Need to Know About Disease Management

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Disease management is a structure that is designed to improve a person’s health with coordinated interventions, measurements of health care, where self-care efforts can be implemented. Disease management empowers an individual, who is working with the health care provider to manage and prevent his/her disease.

It is designed to help an individual improve their health with any chronic condition and to reduce the costs associated with avoidable complications, like an emergency room visit and hospitalizations.

Disease management includes the following actions:

Identifying patients’ affected by the disease

Determining the most effective ways to treat the disease

It is more like population-based-care or continuous health care improvement. If properly designed, it works on prevention of complications as well as treatment of chronic conditions.

Conditions most commonly chosen for disease management are Asthma, cardiovascular diseases, Coronary artery disease, Congestive heart failure, Angina, Lipid irregularity, Depressive disorders, Diabetes and much more.

What are its benefits?

It improves your health and lets you enjoy a good life. It comes with reduced spending on healthcare costs.

It is created with the complete understanding of the natural course of a disease and the critical areas where more focus is required to reduce the chances of morbidity and mortality.

How can we design an effective disease management program?

DM is a process of reducing healthcare costs and/or DM is a process of reducing healthcare costs and/or improving the quality of life for individuals by preventing/minimizing the effects of a disease usually a chronic minimizing the effects of a disease, usually a chronic condition, through integrative care.

DM involves consists of two streams

• Managing clinical activities

• Interventions for financial outcomes

The Drivers of a Disease management program and their roles in that program:

Program administrators

They are the people who help in the running of a plan and provide useful information on goals, expectations, organizational structure, and incentive programs to the disease management program.

Physicians

The practicing physician’s clinical experience and continuing medical education play a big role, but the system develops every day with significant variation in treating each disease.

Medical specialists must collaborate in developing treatment guidelines, or recommendations from experts should be taken into consideration. Once guidelines are prepared, it can be spread through training programs.

Pharmacists

They participate in formulary decisions, drug treatment protocols, and critical pathway design. Most of these activities involve education and monitoring, for which pharmacists are particularly well trained.

Information managers

Information managers analyze data which helps in designing and operating disease management program. Analyzed data consist of baseline measures which are necessary for comparison later on whether health has been improved and costs are in control.

Information managers help the planning team decide on data formats and determine the importance of current information systems.

Finance managers

The disease management team’s finance experts analyze current costs of health care, and also the cost of the failing to achieve the goal.

Patients

Patient education and intervention of the disease is essential and so is his participation in the management plan. It is very important to measure the progress initially and at the end of the program. In this patient is also made aware of the all pros and cons of the disease so he is mentally prepared. Patient has a profound effect on their clinical outcome and should take their responsibility seriously.

Pharmaceutical companies

Pharmaceutical companies contribute in determining the total cost of an untreated illness and also the natural history of a disease and expenditure on treatment, providing their products on subsidized rate. It also studies other drug using patterns for education programs.

This write-up covers all the basic information about the program and would help you understand the working of it. It is a very effective way of treating diseases, avoiding all the emergency and keeping a person’s disease in control which eventually saves your pocket. However, there’s no claim made about the success of this program, neither about any failure. It is a relatively new program which needs much more recognition.

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Never Ignore These Vital Thyroid Symptoms

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

The thyroid is one of the many gland of the body that performs some of the most important functions of the human system. Nestled at the tip of the neck, the thyroid gland produces essential hormones, which help in smooth brain activity and metabolism. Thyroid symptoms are often an indication of the presence of a problem in the gland. While most of them are quite vague and similar to symptoms of many other conditions and diseases, it’s best not to ignore them as a sign of a thyroid problem. Pay a visit to an endocrinologist and let them test you for a plausible thyroid condition.

Signs and Symptoms of a Thyroid Problem

Below are some common thyroid symptoms you must not ignore:-

  • Witnessing fatigue even after sleeping for about 8 to 10 hours at a stretch or a need to take a nap every day.
  • Unintentionally gaining weight or finding it difficult to lose weight.
  • Experiencing extreme mood swings, anxiety or a condition of depression.
  • Facing hormonal imbalances such as irregular periods, PMS, infertility and even lower sex drive.
  • Pain in the muscles, the joints, carpal tunnel syndrome, or tendonitis.
  • Having cold feet and hands, and feeling unusually cold, even when others are not.
  • A body temperature that’s consistently below 98.5 F.
  • Drying or cracking of the skin, having brittle nails and experiencing excessive hair loss.
  • Constant constipation.
  • Brain fogging, or unable to concentrate properly.
  • Swelling in the neck, snoring more than often or developing a hoarse voice.

Type of Thyroid Problems

Typically, there are two types of thyroid problems – hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition wherein the gland produces excessive amount of hormones which cause the onset of many internal problems. A hyper active thyroid often leads to excessive TSH secretion in the blood stream, Grave’s disease, and the formation of nodules in the gland. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is a condition wherein the thyroid causes less production of essential hormones, which further hampers the proper functionality of many related organs. Both the conditions are dangerous for the human system and hence, maintenance of the health of the thyroid gland is important.

Tests Related to Thyroid Problem

There are a couple of tests that are associated with the diagnosis of proper functionality, and production and release of the essential hormones in the bloodstream. These are as follows:-

  • TSH Test
  • Free T3 and T4 Test
  • Reverse T3 Test
  • Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies Test (TPOAb)
  • Thyroglobulin Antibodies Test (TgAb)

Basis the result of these tests, a legitimate thyroid problem treatment is formulated by the endocrinologist. The sooner you get treated for a thyroid related treatment, the better is the outcome.

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What Are the Different Diseases Which Come Under Neurosurgery?

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

Brain and spinal cord are the two most important parts of the nervous system. It acts as a relay. It transmits information to different parts of the body. The actions taken by the body is because of the information given by the nervous system. This system is divided into two sub categories – central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Together, they make sure our body is working fine. Some diseases prevent this system from working in a normal manner. The branch of medicine which deals with the conditions and diseases of the nervous system is known as neurology. When the treatment requires surgical intervention, then neurosurgery comes into play.

Following explained are the conditions which are dealt by a neurosurgeon –

• Brain Tumor

It is the condition in which abnormal cells from within the brain. They can either start in the brain or at other places and travel to the brain. A malignant tumor is cancerous whereas a benign one of non cancerous. The rate at which it grows depends on the extent of the tumor. This growth determines the function of the tumor.

Some of the types of tumor are glioma, meningioma, brain metastases etc. These occur when there is error in DNA mutation. It is identified with the help of symptoms such as onset of headache, nausea, vomiting, vision problem, seizures etc.

• Epilepsy

It is a group of neurological disorders in which there is abnormal brain activity leading to seizures. There is a random period of unusual behavior which causes sensation and loss of awareness. The symptoms which are observed by the patients can be of different intensity. Some people twitch their arms while some of them can stare at a blank space.

You should consult a doctor when they last for more than five minutes and after it has stopped, there is no return of consciousness. It is linked to various factors such as genes, head injury, brain conditions etc.

• Pituitary Tumor

Tumors that begin in the pituitary gland are known as pituitary tumor. Most of them are non cancerous and don’t spread to other parts of the body. They cause glands to produce lower levels of hormones. There may not be symptoms in each and every case. Some of the symptoms which are associated with these tumors are headache, vision loss, feeling cold etc.

Some of the common treatment options are as follows –

• Brain Tumor Surgery

It is an operation to remove tumor from the brain. Surgery depends on the type and grade of the tumor. It is the first treatment which is recommended by the doctor. There are different surgical options. In cortical mapping, areas of the brain which control the senses and language, are identified. If the skull needs to be opened, then craniotomy is the way to go. You are first given anesthesia and then incisions are made in the scalp to remove as much tumor as possible.

• Epilepsy Surgery

It is a surgical procedure given to control seizures. The main aim of this surgery is to remove the particular part of the brain which causes seizures. In vagus nerve stimulation, a device is placed under skin which lowers the onset of seizure by giving an electrical jolt. Temporal lobe epilepsy is treated by cutting away the area of the brain tissue which is affected. Focus of the seizure is removed in this method.

• Deep Brain Stimulation

It is a surgical procedure which is mostly done for Parkinson’s disease, OCD and Dystonia. Electrodes are implanted in certain specific areas of the brain. They produce electrical impulses that regulate abnormal impulses. The impulses given are controlled by a device which looks like a pacemaker. There may be some side effects after the surgery such as seizure, infection, headache, stoke, temporary pain at the site of implantation etc.

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Obesity And Overweight: Five Diseases And Health Conditions

Jul 13 2020 Published by under Uncategorized

A health care professional can readily tell if you are obese, overweight, or healthy by simply measuring your Body Mass Index, or BMI, in short. It effectively determines your weight in proportion to your height and the further it goes outside the scope of the standard range, the greater your odds are of developing a host of critical health issues from obesity and overweight.

Accomplishing and sustaining a healthy weight is something that cannot be achieved overnight and might turn out to be a challenging task for obese and overweight individuals in the long-term. Ensuring a healthy weight through appropriate means or at least preventing yourself from gaining more weight can help overweight people reduce the likelihood of developing specific medical conditions.

Obesity is on the verge of becoming a national epidemic in the USA and is associated with several chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. The grave medical condition is responsible for an astounding 18% mortality rate in the age group of 40 to 85 among American population, as observed by a health research study carried out in 2013, questioning the deeply-rooted, prevailing notion of the medical and scientific community that a mere 5 in every 100 deaths in the country are related to obesity. The new finding essentially suggests that it is as fatal as cigarette smoking, when it comes to the discussion of public health hazards, as the particular way of nicotine consumption can be linked to 20 in every 100 deaths in the USA and is acknowledged as the major preventable cause of mortality in the country.

Almost 2 in every 5 American adults were diagnosed with obesity in 2015-16, which is a significant increase from 34% in 2007-08, and its impact became more profound with a steep increase from 5.7% to 7.7% during that time. While not a single state reported an obesity rate of over 15% in 1985, as many as 5 of them registered rates higher than 35% for the year 2016.

Obesity and overweight are often associated with emotional health issues like depression. People who are either obese or overweight may also experience weight bias as well as face the stigma of the medical care services providers and others, which, in turn, can result in guilt, feeling of rejection, or shame, further worsening the prevailing problems concerning one’s mental well-being.

The major diseases and health complications caused by obesity and overweight are illustrated below in brief.

I. TYPE 2 DIABETES

When the blood glucose concentration becomes abnormally high on a permanent basis, the particular medical condition is termed as type 2 diabetes. About 4 in every 5 individuals with the said form of diabetes are known to be either obese or overweight. High blood sugar levels can manifest a large number of medical conditions, such as stroke, heart conditions, eye issues, neuropathic damage, eye problems, and other health issues.

Allowing yourself to engage in periodic physical activities and reducing 5% to 7% of your weight may prevent or postpone type 2 diabetes onset in the event you belong to the risk group for the particular disease.

II. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

When the blood passes through the blood vessels in your body with significantly more force, the particular medical condition is known as hypertension, or more commonly, high blood pressure. It can cause an alarmingly great level of damage to your blood vessels, strain your heart, and help increase the odds of stroke, kidney disease, heart attack, and even death.

III. HEART DISEASE

The umbrella term heart disease is routinely used to indicate a wide and diverse gamut of medical conditions that can affect the overall well-being of the organ. If you are diagnosed with heart disease, you are at a greater risk of having heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina, heart attack, or a heart rhythm that is not considered normal. Elevated fat levels in your bloodstream, high blood sugar concentrations, and high blood pressure may increase the odds of heart disease. Blood lipids or blood fats necessarily refer to triglycerides, High-Density Lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol, and Low-Density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol. Reducing 5% to 10% of your body mass is likely to help you mitigate the risks of developing heart disease and can help improve your blood flow, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure.

IV. STROKE

If there is a blockage or an incidence of blood vessel rupture in your neck or brain, it causes the blood supply in your brain to restrain all on a sudden, and the particular medical condition is known as stroke. A stroke can cause reversible or irreversible damage to your brain, resulting in partial or complete paralysis and thus, making you incapable of speaking or initiating body movements. To suffice, hypertension is recognized as being the vital cause of strokes.

V. SLEEP APNEA

Sleep apnea is a medical condition when an individual does not breathe frequently and is pretty much common in a large number of people around the globe. One may also cease breathing altogether for small intervals. If the said sleeping disorder continues to remain undiagnosed and untreated, it may increase the odds of other critical health issues, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

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